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The island is made of six volcanoes. The most ancient ones found at Pizzo di Corvo, Monte Rivi and near Capo Faro are not easily recognizable in their morphological structure, while the stratum volcanoes of Fossa delle Felci and Monte dei Porri conserve an almost perfect shape.
The latest eruption took place in the west portion of the island, about thirteen thousand years ago, and brought about the crescent shaped crater of Pollara; such activity, mainly explosive, produced great pumice deposits.
In various localities of the island one encounters endogenous activities. On Monte Rivi (854 m. a.s.l.) one sees an ancient volcanic building, today for the most part dismantled, made by lava of andesitic and basaltic nature. On the Fossa delle Felci (962 m. a.s.l., the highest summit of the Aeolian Archipelago), of typical conical shape, opens up a crateric cavity, less ancient than the preceding one, formed solely of andesitic rocks. The remains of these two craters are to be found in the Eastern part of the island; in the Western part one encounters as many as three volcanic establishments: that of Pizzo del Corvo formed by andesitic lava, that of the Monte dei Porri formed by andesitic and basaltic lava and finally the crater of Pollara, in which one sees the characteristic white pumice stone of mica and orneblenda andesite. Of endogenous activity extinct since time immemorial, there remain as modest residues, certain post-volcanic phenomena and precisely the "sconcassi" and a hot spring, which gushes in the Pertuso locality. The "sconcassi" appears in the proximity of Rinella and consists of an extensive underwater emanation of gas (sulphurated hydrogen) and of vapour. The exhalation, when accentuated, causes a disturbance of the sea bed.
The high slopes of the island are covered by ilexes, poplars, chestnut trees and the typical Mediterranean bush composed mainly of broom, myrtle, and strawberry trees. The medium and lower slopes are, often terraced and dotted with caper bushes, prickly pear and various cultures such as: orchards, olive groves and vineyards.
Amongst the products are worthy of particular mention the red wine for its aroma and high alcoholic content and, above all, the renowned white wine (malvasia), of which Salina is the largest producer in the Archipelago, in consideration of the fact that in other islands this culture has been abandoned. The malvasia has a golden yellow colour, strong aroma with a delicately sweet flavour. The production of capers is considerable and is mainly exported. Unfortunately various cultivable areas are today abbandoned owing to lack of labour caused by extensive transoceanic emigration (a phenomenon, on the other hand, common to the other sister islands of the Aeolian Archipelago) directed mainly towards the New World. A circular trip around the island offers indelible sights owing to its high, sombre coasts, its characteristic immersed terraces, pleasant small beaches and inhabited centres, the typical small white houses, nestled along the sea and half way up the coast. The typical architecture of the houses of the island has still not suffered modification. The prevalent type of habitation is represented by single storey buildings with terrace roof, with pergola supported by columns. Only in the inhabited centres does one note houses with an upper storey.